Teaching Phonograms Helps a Child Sound Out Words: ou, ay

Phonograms are letters or groups of letters that represent a sound. Readers and writers must be able to hear and make individual sounds in words and know which letters are used for the sounds of language to read and spell. Phonological awareness may need to be taught before expecting a child to sound out and identify phonograms.
I've shared free common two letter phonogram flashcards to print and cut in another post. Every Friday I will share ways to teach phonograms for awhile.

The phonograms, ou and ay, are the first phonograms you may want to teach a beginning reader. Start slow and help a child learn a few at a time.

1. Tell your beginning reader about phonograms.
2. Go on a search while reading some of your favorite read alouds for ou and ay.
3. Spell some words with ou and ay. You could use paper, magna-doodle, white board, finger paint, or magnetic letters.

ou - out, our, shout, house, mouse
ay - day, play, stay, way, say, stay

4. You can finger frame or use wikki stix to show the ou and ay phonograms.

These pictures show finger framing syllables.
You can finger frame ou and ay in books you read together.

These pictures show using wikki stix to underline ou.

5. Keep all the flashcards together to review and practice after teaching. Go through the flashcard pile and have your child say the sound and try to think of a word that has that sound and spelling.

You could test your beginning reader. If a sound is known, add it to the review pile and practice in some of the ways I've shown to practice phonograms. It won't be long and your beginning reader will know these phonograms as well and the letters of the alphabet.



The Book Chook said...

Another tool I used to use to have kids focus on a word or part of a word, was a card rectangle with holes cut in it. I would cut the rectangular holes with a craft knife to represent the font size we were working with. Of course, sometimes we would meet a longer word than the size of the hole(s), but it worked pretty well. It helped kids ignore all the clutter around that one particular word.

Rachel said...

We use the cardboard "trick" Susan mentions too :) Great list of suggestions.