I recently made a post encouraging parents to get help for a child struggling with reading.I think parents will find Target The Problem! from Reading Rockets a helpful starting point. I've addressed the five areas of reading and included ways parents can help here.
The five areas of reading are phonological and phonemic awareness, word decoding and phonics, vocabulary, fluency, and comprehension.
Here are links to posts from my blog you may find helpful grouped by reading area.
Phonological and Phonemic Awareness:
Phonemic Awareness Games
Develop Phonological Awareness with an Online Story
Teach Phonological Awareness
Word Decoding and Phonics:
Teach Blending Sounds to Read Words
Teach Short Vowel Sounds with Free Online Stories From Starfall
Use Wikki Stix to Teach Common Letter Combinations While Reading
Use Magnetic Letters to Teach Blending the First Two Sounds in a Word
Teach a Child to Read and Spell Early
Children's Books for Beginning Readers
Magnetic Letter Work
Teach Phonics Before Sight Words
Journal Writing for Beginning Readers and Writers
Teaching Short Vowel Sounds
Develop Vocabulary in Early Readers
Create a Collection of Books
Teach Reading Comprehension with 7 Keys to Comprehension
Questions to Help a Beginning Reader Fix Mistakes While Reading
Teach to Use Picture Clues