Make sure a child knows letter sounds and most short vowel sounds before starting the following lessons.
I'm a huge fan of Starfall . Your child can learn letters, read phonic books, and play games. This is a great place to start. Starfall's free online books start with learning short vowels.
I love the book Hop on Pop by Dr. Seuss. This is a silly book most children like to read again and again. It is best if a child has heard and seen this book a number of times before you begin teaching with it.
Pages 32 - 33
Read the words SAD, DAD, BAD, HAD
Separate the sounds in each word. Point to the word on the page. Place your index finger under the first letter. Make the sound for the letter and pause. Make the sound for the next letter and pause. Make the sound for the last letter.
S-A-D (Pause at the hyphens.)
An adult can blend the letter sounds together by stretching the letter sounds. Some letters cannot be stretched. Their sounds can only be made for an instant.
SSSSSAAAAAD (There is only one D, because it is a letter that cannot be stretched.)
Do this a number of times for the child. Allow the child to try separating and blending sounds with you. Support the child with your voice if necessary.
P.S. Make it fun. If it's getting boring or too difficult, stop and try again a different time. This activity requires phonemic awareness and should only be done while a child is engaged and ready to learn.
Repeat this activity until the child easily separates and blends the words without your support.
Separating and blending can be combined, and sometimes makes it easier for a child to read a word.
1. Separate the beginning sound and blend the rest of the sounds together.
2. Blend all the sounds to make a word.
S-AAAD, SAAD, SAD
D-AAAD, DAAD, DAD
B-AAAD, BAAD, BAD
H-AAAD, HHAAD, HAD
Use magnetic letters to make the words sad, dad, bad, and had. Encourage the child to make letter sounds rather than letter names as the words are made.
Check the child's ablility to hear rhymes. Tell the child that sad, dad, bad, and had all rhyme. They all have the "ad" sound at the end. Have the child repeat the sound "ad". Tell the child you will be saying two words, and you want the child to tell you if they rhyme.
Stop if the child can't tell which words rhyme. Read more books with rhyme and practice rhyming in other fun ways.
Have the child write the words. Use finger paint on the slick side of freezer paper taped to a table. Finger tips are used to smear and erase the word. The pointer finger of the writing hand forms the letter. Have the child write the words with lowercase letters. Help solve any b/d letter confusion with the words dad and bad.
Introduce some rules with the words all, very, day, and what.
all follows the rule: Some letter patterns make special sounds. An a next to an l will sometimes make the short o sound.
Very follows the rule: A y at the end of a two-syllable word makes the long e sound. Clap and separate the syllables.
day follows the rule: Some letter patterns make special sounds. AY makes the long a sound.
What follows two rules: 1. Some letter patterns make special sounds. Most of the time wh will make the "w" sound. (except in the word who) 2. Vowels can make the schwa sound. The a in what makes the "uh" sound. Teach the schwa sound with the words the and come.
Make flashcards for all, very, day, and what. Review these rules as a child learns the words. These are sight words or common words. Children should know many common words quickly and automatically to become fluent readers. Make a collection of flashcards and practice automatic reading of common words.
Point under words and read the pages 32 - 33 to a child. Point under the words and read the pages 32 -33 with a child. Let the child read the pages independently when ready.
These lessons should be done in short sessions over a period of time. Read the whole book or part of the book. Include part of one lesson or combine and review other lessons from my posts for Hop on Pop. Once a lesson is introduced, it can be revisited and reviewed.
Only do lessons you think are helpful to challenge and reinforce learning for a child. If it's too frustrating or too easy stop and try something else. I'll be posting more lessons for Hop on Pop soon.
Hop on Pop - Part 1
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